Garage construction ガレージ工事 PART 5

2023-09-10 by David



The garage is about half-finished now, but thankfully all of the hard, backbreaking jobs are pretty much done, so everything should move along quite quickly from this point. The wall frames have all been bolted together, so the next part of the build is to add a roof frame....

▲ 屋根のフレームも安いツバイフォー(2x4s)でできています。簡単な三角な形なので作成は結構簡単でした。ただし、載せるのは一人ではちょっと難しかったので、誰かが手伝いできる日まで一応壁フレームの家に載せました。


The roof trusses were put together using reasonably cheap 2x4s, although this did require some pretty long beams this time. Thankfully, I was able to borrow the free kei truck from my local DIY store to bring everything to the house.


Putting together the trusses was pretty easy, and once the first was complete it was just a matter of stacking the next one on top and copying and pasting the process. But the main problem was actually getting those long trusses safely up on to the walls and screwed in place.

▲ そして、友達の開いている日に二人で上に載せて、「Simpson社」の台風用ブラケットで位置を固定しました。


Happily, a friend was able to give me a free hour of their time to push the trusses up and put them into place. I used cheap galvanised steel storm brackets to mark off the correct locations, and then simply slotted the trusses into each bracket before nailing and screwing them down.

▲ 次は屋根のボードですね!このOSBボードを張れば、フレームを強化できますので壁でも屋根でも利用します。内面を白く塗れば、簡単なインテリア塗装もできそうですね。ただし、今回34枚もありますので、ローラーで塗りました。


The next step was to screw down a covering of boards onto the roof trusses, to tie them all together into a rigid structure. OSB boards are designed to strengthen to structure of a building, when used for roofing and walls, and I decided to also paint one side of each board white, to act as a cheap way of decorating the interior of the garage. Since there were 34 boards in total, I used a paint roller for the first time in my life!

▲ まずは屋根から始めます。急に雨が降ったらカバーも置けますので、その順番がおすすめですね。屋根の三角フレームも前の日にボード幅に合わせて、設計しましたので、作業は簡単でした。


The first boards were screwed into place in the central part of the roof trusses, which had previously been placed to exactly fit the dimensions of the boards. So this was a pretty quick and simple process, and could mostly be done using a ladder from the inside of the building.

▲ 左側9枚と右側9枚で早く張れました!屋根のボード張りが終わったら、お隣さんから借りたブルーシートで一応カバーしました。


I used 18 boards in total for the roof, 9 on each side. Once they were screwed down in place, I quickly covered the roof with a big blue tarpaulin to protect it from any rain showers.

▲ 次のステップは壁でしたので、同じようにOSBボードを白く塗りました。


Then it was on to the walls! I used the same OSB boards for the walls of the garage, also painted white on one side.

▲ 左側の壁にボードを張ったときに感動しました!すごくうれしかった!


I can't express how happy it made me to finally get the first side wall covered in boards, after such a long time planning this build!

▲ 全部の壁が終わったら本当にガレージの感じになりました!




The remaining walls quickly followed, and it properly began to look like a garage for the first time!


I also added one strip of waterproof roof felt to the roof, because the blue sheet was just a tiny bit too small.

▲ ボードの上に壁用の防水シートも張りました。そして、最後に三つ大きい窓サッシも入れました!




Once all the boards were in place, I quickly wrapped those walls in waterproof sheeting, and slotted the 3 large windows into their wall sections. So, with the roof and walls wrapped in sheeting, the garage is now mostly rain-proof. Finally, the end is in sight!!





The budget for the roof section was 180,000yen, including quite a bit of money for the roof slates which have yet to be attached.



2x4木材: 47,183円

金具: 5,620円

OSBボード18枚: 35,640円

防水アスファルトシート18m x 2巻: 10,500円

コロニアル瓦スレート: 58,140円

屋根用鋼板など: 12,900円

合計: 169,983円



2x4s: 47,183yen

Brackets and fittings: 5,620yen

OSB boards x 18: 35,640yen

Asphalt roofing sheet 18m x 2 rolls: 10,500yen

'Colonial' roofing slates: 58,140yen

Edging/spine strips etc: 12,900yen

Total: 169,983yen




Yay! So the roofing section came in slightly under budget again, which makes me happy. Not a huge saving, obviously, but every little bit helps, right?


Tags: garage  車庫 

Garage construction ガレージ工事 PART 4

2023-08-20 by David


This week I've been working on the wooden frame of the garage building! The frame is made of sturdy 2x4s and 2x6s, and with plenty of pre-planning it came together pretty quickly.

▲ まずはウッドステインで塗ります。ちょうど台風が来ていた3日間は1回のスタジオで一所懸命ペイントしました。


There was an early typhoon looming large in the area for 3 days, so I spent those 3 days downstairs in a really messy studio, painting red-brown woodstain onto all the pieces of wood that would make up the frame.... and also onto the floor, and my hands and feet!

▲ ブロック壁のベースと木造フレームの間に入れる「基礎パッキン」をブロックの上に載せました。


With the typhoon safely passed and the wood all prepared, I moved outside to start the frame build. The first thing to do was place strips of these heavy-duty plastic bumpers on all the concrete base walls. They add an extra layer of water protection and ventilation to the garage, and are a pretty cheap investment.

▲ そして、ブロックのコンクリートに差し込んだボルトをフレーム位置を載せてみました。ぴったりでした!ちょっと嬉しいですね。


Drilling holes for the wall bolts to fit into the frames, I was gratified to find that everything fit very snugly, to within one or two millimetres. Yay!

▲ フレーム自体は7つの2x6箱で作っています。その箱の中に2x4材で強化しました。


The wall frames are comprised of 7 sections, so I started cutting and screwing together the first section from thick 2x6 beams. The thinner 2x4s make up the internal supports and beams, to give each section greater strength.

▲ 1個目のフレーム箱を基礎につけた時には倒さないように杉にとりあえず繋ぎました。


My friendly neighbour Teru kindly leapt out of his car as he was passing, and helped me lift the first of the sections on to the wall bolts! Just to make sure nothing fell over on my head, I screwed a spare piece of wood to the frame and the closest tree.

▲ 入口のフレーム箱を載せたときに一番下の補強もついていますが、全部つながったら切ります。


The front wall is the largest of the wall sections, and includes a long rigid beam at the bottom to ensure everything is straight. I'll be cutting out that beam once all the other sections are in place and lined up.

▲ そして、一個づつでフレーム箱を載せました。


Then it was just a process of creating each of the wall sections and lifting them into place one by one.

▲ 3日間後にフレーム自体が完成しました!


After three mornings of work, all seven of the wall sections were complete, and I could start tightening up the connecting bolts to make the frame rigid.




▲ 建物っぽくなったでしょう?


It's starting to look like a real building now, yes?




2x4と2x6木材: 95,035円

ネジと金具: 6,341円

ステイン: 3,659円

合計: 105,035円


The budget for this step of the build was 130,000 yen, but I was able to save a little money by reusing some long beams from the foundation's concrete frame.


2x4s and 2x6s: 95,035yen (wow, prices are still sky high!)

screws and fixings: 6,341yen

woodstain: 3,659yen

Total: 105,035yen


Tags: garage  車庫 

Garage construction ガレージ工事 PART 3

2023-08-07 by David



Last week's foundation concrete has now completely dried, so it's time to move on to the next stage - making a low block wall which will act as the base for the garage. From here on, things should speed up considerably!

▲ まずは必要な道具の準備でした!ブロック壁を作るにはまっすぐのひも線がおすすめですが、近くのDIY店でなかなかいい道具はなかったので、パソコンでデザインして3Dプリンターで作りました。写真のような感じですね。デザインは1時間、プリントは2時間かかりましたが、やはり便利ですね。ダウンロードファイルはこちらです。


First thing to do was to assemble some basic tools; a couple of trowels, a bucket, and 33 concrete blocks. When laying a concrete block wall, it's important to be able to align the entire wall correctly, and for that you need to set the corner/ends of the wall in mortar, and use a string guide. Unfortunately I couldn't find any handy guide tools in my local DIY shop, so I quickly knocked up a pair of brackets on the 3D printer. It took an hour to design the parts, and another couple of hours to print them - but they work magnificently! A 3D-printer is such a useful machine to have available for making stuff like this!


The files are available on Thingiverse here, for anybody who wants to print them.

▲ ブロック壁用のセメントをちょっとづつ並べて、ブロックを置きました。この作業は初めてでしたが、YouTubeのビデオの通りにできました。乾いたら、写真の様になりました。入口への坂はあとで作りますので、まだ車を入れないところですね。その代わりにDIY店「ハンズマン」から木材と瓦材の配達をあそこにとりあえず置きました。


I've never done block walls before, but a couple of useful YouTube videos gave me the basics, and it turned out pretty good, I think. It tooks about 4 hours to do all the walls, setting 2 or 3 blocks at a time. The string guides were super useful!


As you can see in the photo, I still haven't added a slope for the entrance, so I'm unable to park my car there for now. Instead, I've stored some of the big sheets of wood board and rooftiles, which were delivered by a truck from my local DIY shop Handsman. The driver kindly helped me unload them, and he commented that the house has come on a treat since he delivered the wood for the deck a couple of years ago. Encouraging!

▲ 明日から台風が来そうですので、次の作業は早めにしました!鉄のピンと壁用のボルトをブロックの穴に入れて、コンクリートで固定できました。今回は約100キロのコンクリートは自分で混ぜましたが、隣の優しいTeruさんからミクサー道具を借りました。助かりました! Thank you, Teru!


We've got the first typhoon of the season coming in the next couple of days (a few weeks early this year!), so I rushed a little to finish the work on the block wall. That involved strengthening some of the joins and rebar inserts with concrete, and also setting in the big brass bolts that will anchor the walls to the base.


I bought 100 kilograms of dry concrete in bags, added water, and quickly mixed them up and poured. My lovely neighbour Teru lent me an electric hand mixer, which worked brilliantly in quickly mixing buckets of concrete 10kgs at a time.

▲ これで基礎とブロック壁が完成ですので、次は壁のフレーム作成ですね!楽しみにしています!


With that done, and everything battened down for the typhoon, the base is complete! The next job will be to create the wooden frames for the wall - which I've been looking forward to doing for ages!




ブロック33個: 7,923円

セメント60kg: 2,860円

コンクリート100kg: 4,840円

道具: 664円

ボルトなど: 5,006円

基礎パッキン911mm x 15個: 6,150円

合計: 27,443円


My budget for this wall was 40,000yen, and happily I came in under budget again!


33 concrete blocks: 7,923yen

Cement bags 60kg: 2,860yen

Concrete bags 100kg: 4,840yen

Tools: 664yen

Brass bolts, nuts, rebar etc: 5,006yen

Plastic vent brackets 911mm x 15: 6,150yen


Total 27,443yen


Tags: garage  車庫 

Garage construction ガレージ工事 PART 2

2023-07-30 by David



Last week's job was to prepare the forms for the concrete foundations, and this week it was finally time to pour in the concrete for the garage base. I dropped in to the offices of a local concrete supplier (who were quite surprised to see me!), and organised for 2 cubic metres of wet concrete to be delivered two days later. Exciting stuff!!

▲ 生コンクリートを入れるために道具を用意しました。但し、いつものケチな私が道具を買うじゃなくて、自分で作る決まりにしました。小さい道具は約5000円でアマゾンで買えますが、簡単なデザインで考えて3Dプリンターで作りました。値段はゼロ円!




I'd put together some smoothing tools known as "concrete floats", and as always I'd opted to make these myself and save as much money as possible! The little hand tools sell for about 5000yen each, but I produced them for free by designing and printing them on the 3D printers. They aren't as durable as proper metals ones, but I'll only be using them once!


The big bull float is a handy tool for professionals, but retails at several hundred dollars, so I made my own from a plastic mop, and two bits of wood. It's not perfect, but should work okay?

▲ 午前11:00にこのミクサー車が来ました!しかし、今年最高温度の32℃の日に!


The mixer truck turned up at 11am, just as the heat of the day was reaching its height. Unfortunately, it only had a 1 metre chute, so I had to waste lots of time pushing 3 tons of concrete to the far end of the foundation area. It also turned out to be the hottest day of the year so far, which caused problems with the concrete setting pretty fast.

▲ 優しいドライバーさんがちょっと手伝いましたが、やはりこんなに暑い日は大変でした!


The driver kindly helped out at the start, shifting the concrete, and then had to leave. So I was left with 3 tons of fast-setting concrete which needed to be flattened out, using that long piece of wood to scree the top surface.


As you can see, the side near the road was soon in full sunshine, which made it set even faster :(

▲ 道揃えは早く乾燥した過ぎたのはちょっと残念でしたが、やっと使える基礎にできました!


So the edge near the road turned out a little rough, due to the faster drying time, but all the edges are nice and flat - so it should work fine to build on top of. Finally, I had a usable concrete foundation for my garage!

▲ 二日間後、木材の型を外した時にこんな感じですね!成功だ!


Two days later, I pulled off the wooden frame to find that everything seemed to have worked fine. So let's take a look at the total costs, compared to my initial budget of 90,000yen.





型の木材: 16,538yen (建物のフレームで再利用できます)

砕石 (1m³・配送込): 6,600yen

網メッシュ (10枚): 6,780yen

鉄筋 (4本): 1,352yen

メッシュ結び: 128yen

メッシュ用の載せるブロック: 450yen

生コンクリート (2m³・配送込み): 49,900yen


仕上げ用の木材: 1,980yen

ゴムブーツ: (友達から借りた) 0yen

糸: 498yen

三角定規: 1,170yen

コンクリートフロート (モップと木材): 1,277yen

合計: 87,349円





Wooden frame: 16,538yen (but I can re-use these for the building itself)

Gravel (1m³ incl. delivery): 6,600yen

Wire mesh (10 panels): 6,780yen

Rebar (x4): 1,352yen

Mesh ties: 128yen

Concrete "chairs" to lift the mesh up: 450yen

Concrete pour (2m³ incl. delivery): 49,900yen


Scree wood: 1,980yen

Rubber boots: (borrowed from friend) 0yen

String: 498yen

Triangular ruler: 1,170yen

Bull float (mop & wood): 1,277yen

Total cost: 87,349yen




So it was under budget, and saved a whole load of money compared to having a company do it for me - one 'friend' of a friend quoted 280,000yen, which would have been half my budget for the whole garage build!


Bearing in mind that I had no experience of doing this before and no specialist tools, and learnt how to do it from YouTube videos, it's an achievable if time-consuming project for a keen DIYer!


Tags: garage  車庫 

Garage construction ガレージ工事 PART 1

2023-07-25 by David


At looooong last it's time to begin the construction of the garage..... and of course rainy season starts at exactly the same time too. Oh yay. This'll be fun.

▲ まずは基礎の位置を大体決まりました。しかし、大きい紅葉の木が邪魔でしたので、チェーンソーで切りました。残念ですね!


First job was to start clearing out the area where the garage will be built, and the hardest job was to remove a lovely Japanese maple tree from one corner. It made me so sad to chainsaw it down, but unfortunately it was too big to pull it out and relocate it.

▲ 幹がたた20センチしかなかったので、簡単だと思っていましたがやはり根がすごかったですね!


I was optimistic that it wouldn't be too hard to remove the stump, but the 20cm-wide trunk became ever wider, the further down I dug! Eventually the main root ball was revealed to be about 1 metre across, with THREE 15cm-thick main roots branching off from that. Oh dear.

▲ 木の周りに1.5メートルぐらいの穴を掘って、根を一個づつで切るしかないんです。ただし、チェーンソーは土の中で利用できないので、ものすごい時間かかりました。2週間ほどかなぁ?


So I just had to keep digging down and out, until I was right under the tree's rootball. Then I had to cut each root out from the surrounding area with an axe, because I couldn't use the chainsaw there (it kills the blade to use it in soil!). All in all, it took me about 2 weeks of blood sweat and tears to get that tree out!

▲ 前からあった赤いレンガの駐車場ところがそのまま基礎として利用できますので、嬉しかった!左と後ろのほうに約80センチをきれいにしました。


Once the tree had been removed, I was left with a reasonably neat area, which needed to be levelled off flat. Luckily, I found that the existing brick parking space had its own concrete foundations, so I didn't need to remove it. Instead, I'll be able to use that brick area as part of the sub-foundations, and save some time and cost.

▲ こんな気分ですよ、綺麗にできたら!毎朝1~2時間かかったが、一番大変な作業がやっと終わりました!


After digging away for an hour or two each morning (before the real heat and humidity of the day hit), I was able to complete the tidy up in and around rainy season's unpredictable weather. That deserved a beer and a commemorative selfie, I thought! Please excuse the sweat and dirt!

▲ そして、新しいガレージの工事がこれから始まりますよ!最初に赤煉瓦の高さまで砕石を入れますので、近くにある「春山商会」から1立米の砕石を注文しました。トラックでの配送込みで6600円でした。その赤煉瓦の部分がない場合だったら約2万円ほどの砕石が必要だったので、ちょっと節約できました。


Time to start the build! The first thing I needed to do was to build up the sub-foundations to the height of that brick area, to give a flat and stable base to pour concrete on top of. My lovely neighbour Teru suggested I visit a nearby company called Haruyama Shokai (in Aso city), who kindly delivered a cubic metre of stone gravel for 6600 yen. The cost would have been closer to 20,000 yen if I hadn't been able to reuse the brick area, so that saved me some money!

▲ 砕石の基礎には固めるのが大事です。スペースが広かったら「前後進バイブロコンパクター」を借りるのはおすすめですが、今回砕石の所が狭かったので、その代わりに重い木材で何回も叩いてしました。


Pushing that gravel down tight is very important for a garage foundation, to prevent the concrete moving or cracking later on. Normally, this would involve renting a petrol-powered gravel compactor to bounce up and down on top, but this didn't seem worth it for the narrow strips of gravel I was using. So instead, like a scene out of a Rocky movie, I borrowed a spare heavy wooden beam from my neighbour, and slammed that up and down over and over. This process is called tamping, by the way, and was pretty good exercise!

▲ 砕石と煉瓦の上に10センチ厚みのコンクリートを注ぎますので、コンクリート型を作成しないといけないんです。2x6材で型を作りました。現在、ツバイフォー材が高いんですので、予算オーバーになりましたが、ガレージの木材フレームの時にまたリサイクルできるかもしれない?


In order to pour concrete on top of the gravel, I needed to make a strong wooden frame. I was originally planning to build a cheap wooden frame and then throw it away afterwards, but instead I decided to spend more on some thick 2x6 beams. This did blow my budget a little for this part of the build, but I'm optimistic that I'll be able to clean up those beams later, and re-use them for the wall frames!

▲ 最後に金属メッシュを用意しました。この金属メッシュでコンクリートが強くなりますので、お勧めですね!




The last job of preparation was to lay down panels of thick wire mesh, tied together and reinforced with rebar, which will sit inside the concrete once it's been poured. This strengthens the concrete foundation, and hopefully prevents it from cracking or shifting.


So it's off to a local concrete company, to try and arrange for some concrete delivery later this week!

▲ 今朝、窓から見るとこの3匹の動物が見学をするに来ました!可愛い!




I have to share this adorable pic with you. Just as I was looking out of the window this morning, I noticed these three cuties strolling past the house. I think they are Japanese badgers, and they kindly came by to take a look at what I've been working on. Thanks, little guys!


(I just hope they don't come back when the concrete's freshly poured!)


Tags: garage  車庫 


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